Price (USD): $519.00


Technical Description

fADL™-1e is a type 3 phage display vector with a cloning site on the N-terminal side of the full-length gene III protein. Secretion in the periplasm of the fusion protein is driven by the PelB leader peptide, in place of the wild-type gene III protein leader sequence. fADL™-1e derives from the phage vector fd-kan, a vector analogous to fd-tet (1,2) where the tetracycline resistance genes derived from Tn10 have been replaced by the kanamycin resistance determinant of Tn903. Display is usually highly multivalent with limited polyphage production, even in the case of large polypeptides such as scFvs. Implications of multivalent display in phage libraries versus phagemid libraries is discussed here (3). This is the recommended format for peptide libraries which will benefit of the overall improved avidity. A discussion on phage versus phagemid antibody libraries can be found here (3).

fADL™-1e differs from fADL™-1 by the presence of an extra SpeI site in the cloning site and a mutation in protein VIII that improves cross-reactivity with M13 antibodies.


fADL-1 Western blot

Figue 1. Display of HyHEL-10 scFv by fADL-1. Western blot analysis of phage particles prepared with fADL-1 in the presence of a plasmid supplying gene III protein (Lane A). The same blot with phage particles prepared with fADL-1 containing the HyHEL-10 scFv insert shows the scFv fused to almost all gene III proteins (Lane B). Loading is 3 x 1010 virions per lane; image was generated by ECL using a gene III protein antibody. Implications of multivalent display in phage libraries versus phagemid libraries is discussed here (3).


  • Multivalent Phage display at the N-terminal side of gene III protein of the filamentous bacteriophage.

For research use only; not intended for any animal or human therapeutic or diagnostic use.


General characteristics:

Plasmid Size: 7993
Leader Peptide: PelB
Cloning Sites: double-SfiI, BglI
Fusion Protein: full length gene III protein
Selection: kanamycin
Replication: oriF1 (60 copies/cells)

Physical characteristics:

Concentration: 0.5 µg/ µl.
Product Size: 10 µg.
Buffer: DNA Conservation Buffer (Tris/HCL 5 mM, EDTA 0.1 mM, pH 8.5, sterile).
Storage Temperature: -20°C.

Quality Control & Certification of Analysis

Product size

Digestion by NotI ad XhoI generates two fragments of 5.4 kb and 2.5 kb.

Product sequence

Sequence of the gene III protein including leader peptide and MCS is analyzed.


Product meets all specifications.


  1. Zacher  3rd, A. N., Stock, C. A., Golden  2nd, J. W., & Smith, G. P. (1980). A new filamentous phage cloning vector: fd-tet. Gene, 9(1-2), 127–140.

  2. Scott J. K. & Smith G. P. (1990). Searching for peptide ligands with an epitope library. Science, 249(4967):386-90.

  3. O’Connell, D., Becerril, B., Roy-Burman, A., Daws, M., & Marks, J. D. (2002). Phage versus phagemid libraries for generation of human monoclonal antibodies. J Mol Biol, 321(1), 49–56.